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Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Rabindranath : LIFE SKETCH




1861

Born on Monday, May 7th, (Vaisakha 25, Saka Era 1783, Bengali Era 1268).
1865
Admitted to Calcutta Training Academy.
1868
Admitted to Oriental Seminary and later to Normal School.
1871
Admitted to Bengal Academy.
1873
Goes with his father Debendranath Tagore on a trip to the Himalayas; his first
visit to Bolpur on the way, composes a drama, Prithviraj Parajay.
1874
His poem entitled Abhilash appears in the Tattvabodhini Patrika.
He is admitted to St. Xavier's School in Calcutta.
1875
On the 11th February, in his first public appearance, recites a patriotic poem
at the Hindu Mela.
1877
Starts to publish poems and articles regularly in his family's monthly journal, Bharati.
1878
Goes to England with brother, Satyendranath.
1880
Returns to India without completing any course of study.

1881
Composes his first set of devotional songs for anniversary of Brahmo Samaj-Maghotsav.
His first musical play, Valmiki-Pratibha staged at Jorasanko.

1883
Marries Mrinalini Devi.
1884
Is appointed Secretary to the Adi Brahmo Samaj, enters into controversy with
Bankimchandra over the neo-Hindu movement.
1885
Takes charge of Balak, a monthly magazine for the young.

1890
S
everely attacks the anti-Indian policy of Lord Cross, then Secretary of State for India.
Takes charge of the management of the Tagore Estates with Selaidah as his headquarters.

1891
Writes his first six short stories including Post Master.
1892
At the request of the Rajshahi Association writes his first criticism of the system
of education, Sikshar Herpher, a logical and vigorous proposal for the
acceptance of mother tongue as the medium of instruction.

1894
Takes over editorial charge of Sadhana.

1898
Initiates agricultural experiments on his estates.
Sedition Bill; arrest of Bal Gangadhar Tilak; he reads his paper Kantha-Rodh
(The Throttled) at a public meeting in Calcutta.
1899
At the anniversary of 7 Poush, leads the prayer and delivers his first sermon on
Brahmoponishad in the Mandir at Santiniketan.

1901
Establishes school at Santiniketan. Revives Bangadarshan, editing it for five years.
Comes into contact with Brahmabandhab Upadhyay.

1905
Agitation against Lord Curzon's proposal to partition Bengal. Rabindranath advocates policy
of constructive non-cooperation against the British. On 16th October (the day partition
becomes a settled fact), Rabindranath initiates the Rakhi-bandhan ceremony as a symbol of
unity in Bengal. Leads a huge procession through the streets of Calcutta singing
Banglar mati, Banglar jal.
1906
Writes a series of articles on problems of education and draws up a comprehensive
programme of work for the National Council of Education.
1908
Initiates organised village uplift work in the Patisar region of the Tagore estates
with the help of Kalimohan Ghosh and others.
1910
Christmas Day is observed at Santiniketan for the first time - the Poet conducts the service.
1912
English Gitanjali published by the India Society, London.
1913
English versions of Gitanjali, The Crescent Moon, The Gardener and Chitra
were published by Macmillan.
On 13th November, Rabindranath was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1914
Gandhi's students from Phoenix, South Africa come to Santiniketan.
1915
Receives knighthood. Meets Gandhi for the first time.
1916
Travels to Japan and USA, giving lectures on Nationalism and Personality.
1917
Lends support to Pramatha Chaudhuri's attempts to popularise spoken Bengali
as a vehicle of literary expression and himself contributes to Sabujpatra, his first story
written in colloquial Bengali, Paila Nambar.
1918
Formal foundation stone of Visva-Bharati is laid.
1919
C
autions Gandhi against misuse of passive resistance.
Renounces knighthood in protest against Jalianwallah Bagh massacre.
1920
Leaves for England on a lecture tour to raise funds for Visva-Bharati. Travels
to France, Holland and USA.
1921
Visits England, France, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden, Austria and Czechoslovakia.
1922
Rural Reconstruction Institute at Sriniketan is formally inaugurated with Elmhirst
as its first director.
1923
Visva-Bharati Quarterly starts publication under his editorship. Visarjan is staged at
the Empire Theatre, Calcutta where the Poet plays the role of Jaysingha.
1924
Visits China and Japan and then sails for South America; stays in Buenos Aires as the
guest of Victoria Ocampo.
1926
Travels to Italy (as a guest of Mussolini), Switzerland (where he meets Romain Rolland)
and other countries of Europe.
1927
Tour of Southeast Asia.
1928
Starts painting regularly.
1930
His paintings are exhibited at the Gallerie Pigalle in Paris. Other exhibitions follow in
Birmingham, in several European capitals and in USA.
Delivers Hibbert lectures in Oxford (published as The Religion of Man).
Writes The Child, his one and only original English poem.
1932
Starts experimenting with vers libre in his Punascha.
1937
Rabindranath falls seriously ill. Prantik (Borderland) poems published. Convocation
address in Bengali.
1940
Oxford University holds special Convocation at Santiniketan to confer
Doctorate on Rabindranath.
1941
His final lecture, Crisis in Civilisation is read on his eightieth birthday.
Dies 7th August.